Child Custody

The Different Types of Child Custody



Child Custody describes parental obligation and rights regarding the care of their children. This often arises in situations when unmarried individuals have children or parents who are married and later got divorced. It is crucial to seek the help of a qualified legal practitioner right away if you find yourself in a child custody battle. There are different types of child custody and they are discussed below.

 Legal Custody

The charge gives you the obligation and right to make decisions about your child's upbringing. The parent with legal care makes decisions about the education, medical care, and religious. In many states, courts usually award joint legal custody; this allows both parents to be able to make decisions for the child. Many countries periodically grant joint legal custody after a divorce. Hence making sure that both parties will have to cooperate and make joint decisions about the upbringing of their child.

Physical Custody

Physical custody is a situation which a parent has the right to have a child physically live with him or her. If the child lives solely with one parent and has visitation with the other, the custodial parent which is one with whom the child lives mostly with have primary physical custody and the other parent will have the right to visitation or parenting time with the child.

Sole Custody

It involves only one parent (custodial) having the sole custody. The other parent has only visitation rights, and the courts will not hesitate to grant sole physical care to one of the parents if the other is deemed unfit maybe because of drug or alcohol dependency, neglect, or have a case of child abuse.

Joint Custody

Parents who do not live together can have joint custody and share the physical control, decision-making responsibilities, and care for their children. Joint custody exists if the parents are divorced, separated, or even if they never lived together. It may be joint legal custody, Joint physical custody (where the children spend a significant portion of time with each parent), or joint legal and physical custody.

Arrangements usually are made when parents share joint custody. It could be a six months period, alternating months, or yearly depending on the agreement. Bird's nest custody is a kind of joint custody arrangement where the kid(s) stays in the family home while the parents have routine moving in and out, spending their out time in the separate housing of their own.

Revised: May 29, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
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